Understanding Natural Disasters: The Global Science of Geohazards
|担当教員||Management of the course would be by Visiting
Professor Kirby and Professor Umino of RCEVEP.
To encourage capable graduate-level scientists who are able to draw upon a global perspective on hazard and risk ssessments of geohazards in applications to teaching at the high-school and university levels, private-sector risk management and mitigation, and advising national and local government officials and representatives of non-governmental organizations.
Each lecture module would be given during one week and would consist of two 90-minute lectures by the invited lecturer. The lecturer would be expected to submit a list of possible science questions that could be answered by students as a small research project by each student in one short report due at the end of the semester. A 90-minute discussion session would occur on another day during the same week in which students would be encouraged to submit questions in writing in Japanese about the content of the previous two lectures. The scheduled modules in this semester include
1) Global subduction systems: order and diversity among Earth’s subduction systems. Course introduction and philosophy. Discussion of data sources. 2) Explosive arc volcanism and associated geohazards. 3) Subduction earthquakes. 4) Tsunamis and their sources. 5) Hazards Chronologies: Probing the prehistoric record of past disasters. 6) The probability of event occurrence: Assessments of geohazards and cost-benefit analysis of hazard mitigation- a contrarian view. 7) Multihazards: The hazard cross terms between hazards such as the effects of earthquakes, storms, climate, and wildfires on landslides.
participation in questions during the lectures and during the discussion exercise, and the quality of the short student research report
The presenter will provide a suggested reading list.
Three such modules would be scheduled during Semester 2 in the 2013/2014 school year (October through January) and four modules in Semester 1 during the 2014/2015 school year. This scheduling would be approximately at a rate of one module per month.
Minimum student qualification for taking the course would be completion of the first-year Master course requirements or the equivalent or by approval of the course managers. Professors Ohtani and Kirby suggested the creation of a best-student traveling research award to visit one of the USGS Research Centers in Menlo Park, Pasadena, Seattle, Anchorage, or Golden in the USA during the Summer 2014 break, subject to the interests of the student and approval of the potential USGS supervisor.
- 前半 3 ユニット（2学期開催）のみの受講（2単位）も可能である。